Aquaculture , also known as aqua-farming, is the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic plants. The development of aquaculture has a long history around the world.
China is one of the first countries in the world to develop freshwater fish, dating back more than 3,000 years. In 1985, the total production of aquaculture in China reached 3.09 million tons, accounting for 43.8 percent of total aquatic product production. Of these, 2.38 million tons of aquaculture were produced in inland waters and 710,000 tons were produced in the shallow beach. In 1982, world aquaculture produced more than 8 million tons, accounting for one tenth of the world’s total fisheries production, of which about half of the world’s production of marine water and freshwater aquaculture was produced. Aquaculture-developed regions are concentrated in a number of countries in east and south-east Asia and account for about 85 per cent of the world’s total aquaculture production, of which China produces more than one third. In addition, the Soviet Union accounted for about 6 per cent and the Americas and Europe each accounted for about 2 per cent.
By 2015, the production of the aquaculture in the world is reached to 76.6 million tonnes, valued at 157.9 billion＄.It employs 23 million workers, 16 million directly and about 6.5 million indirectly. In 2012, the Asia Pacific region continued to dominate the aquaculture sector, accounting for 88.5 percent of global production.
The most important factor to keep the fish is to keep the water well. Water is the environment that fish depend on, the better water quality can reduce the occurrence of fish diseases, more favorable to the growth and survival of fish. In the actual production, the water quality can be judged by the change of water color, ammonia nitrogen content, bottom mud color and so on. And there are some important requirements to establish a sustainable aquaculture strategy:
- To build a perfect reward system for the farmers.
- To share the benefits and costs equitably between the employees.
- To create more job opportunities.
- To provide enough food for all
- To manage the environment continually for the next generation’s development.
- To ensure that development of aquaculture is orderly, with both authorities and industry well organized.
Only if we handle those strategies properly, can we develop the farm well. Of course, we should also familiar with the relations between the aquaculture and FAO, in order to develop a the aquaculture well.
FAO is the only intergovernmental organization in its statute that formally authorizes the collection, compilation, analysis and dissemination of Data and information on fisheries and aquaculture worldwide. The compilation of accurate, relevant and timely data in a standardized format facilitates the monitoring, comparison and analysis of status and trends, supports responsible development in the world fisheries and aquaculture sector and is key to the sustainable use of resources. Close International Collaboration and cooperation were needed, and FAO had been playing a central role in that area. Since its inception, the FAO Department of Fisheries and aquaculture has set up a statistical database open to the public. The data are provided by FAO member states and are confirmed as such by other sources where possible. The credibility of the analysis and the quality of the recommendations made on that basis depend on the credibility and quality of the data itself. FAO therefore seeks to continue to support and strengthen the capacities of countries in the collection, analysis and use of accurate, reliable and timely data. In doing so, FAO has played a special role in supporting the management and development of the aquaculture and fisheries sectors.
In addition, we should think about the environment around us when we keep the fishes. We may need to throw some fodder in to the water to feed our aquatic products. But we should attention that the water even the soil would get eutrophic. So, we should take some measures to protect the the environment. After all, a healthy and clear environment is more important than the money. And it is also crucial to our life standard.
All in all, development of aquaculture is a enormous and hardship process. Doing the aquaculture, we need not only professional knowledge but also a brave and firm will. We should know the policy well. We also should learn management skills to support our development. We should have a environment friendly attitude as well.
Our forefathers built a perfect development system for us, so that we can make a good development of aquaculture. As the old saying said, one generation plants the tree in whose shade another generation rests. In order to make our aquaculture industry have a long term, stable and sustainable development, we need to assure the quality of our product as well as the process.